These notes accompany the sermon found here.
Structural Notes of Isaiah 1:1-2:5
- The book is a singular vision of things both near (Isaiah’s time) and far (latter days); thing already and not yet.
- Isaiah 1:1 shows that the work is a singular “vision,” concerning Judah and Jerusalem.
- Isaiah 2:1 shows a connection to Isaiah 1:1 by repeating the phrase “that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw.” This connection shows that the “vision” is not merely for Judah and Jerusalem, but ultimately includes all nations.
- **** This connection allows us to look for contemporary applications of all these texts by extracting the principles of the book and applying them to the people of God and to the world today. ****
- Themes run throughout the entire book and many ideas here in the opening chapters are repeated in the ending chapters showing the unity and inspiration of the book.
Let us Reason together
- The Problem: Rebellion! Isaiah 1:2-6, 10-15, 21-23; Rebellion described as sickness, hatred of God, ignorance. Revealed in the sins of the city – murder, corruption, oppression, etc. See Romans 1:18-20; Matthew 5-7.
- The Consequences: Wrath! Isaiah 1:7-15, 24-25, 28-31; When reading the prophets, always consider Deuteronomy 28-30, the covenant with Israel and its blessings and curses.
- The Solution: Israel/Judah/Jerusalem must listen to the message. Isaiah 1:10; Deuteronomy 18:15.
- They must repent and learn to obey. Isaiah 1:16-20; Deuteronomy 30:1-3.
- God will redeem and restore them. Isaiah 1:26-27. Deuteronomy 30:1-10.
- Isaiah 1:27 “Zion shall be redeemed by justice, and those in her who repent, by righteousness.”
- Throughout Isaiah, Zion/Jerusalem/the holy mountain find their ultimate fulfillment in Jesus Christ and therefore refer to him and his body – the faithful remnant of all the ages.
- God punishes all sin and will ultimately remove all rebels and sinners from the face of the earth.
- God is building a faithful remnant that come to him willingly.
- We enter into these promises as we repent and trust in the Lord Jesus Christ.